Saturday, August 23, 2008

Sareli Village: A Birds' Haven

Birds’ haven in Sareli village & their conservation by local communities in Kheri district

For nature lovers and ornithologist it may be interesting to know that the village with the highest Openbill stork (Anastomus oscitans) breeding colony in their respective district Kheri. The Sareli village is in Mitauli block of Kheri district. It is situated 40 Km. From district headquarter Lakhimpur on Maigalganj road. The area is good birds habitat and water is available in abundance are year round. As a result, in village the birds population are increase. Hunting is not a problem here because the villagers welcome and protect of this bird with the belief that they brings mansoon every year. Because Openbill stork population concentrated near water bodies in sareli village in the begining of monsoon. The birds arrived in this village in first week of June and their departure in last week of October every year. These birds are local migratory. Approximately there were 1000 birds nested every year. They prefers of nesting trees like Peepal, Bargad, Babool and Neem in there vicinity.
A total 265±25 nest of storks were counted in 2001, in 2006 there were 300 nests ,The storks prefers of the nesting tree were mostly Babool, Baniyan, Neem, Tamarind and eukalyptus in the village.
Before freedom, the wonderful matter of birds conservation in village Sareli a came head. At that time this village in undertaking of Mahmoodabad Estate (Riyasat), near about 1905 a Estate officer came in this village, who shot many birds with his gun. From this incidents the whole villagers was afraid. The chief of the village named Baldev Prasad beat the officer badly then the officer put up this case in the court. The case was heard at the disputed place.
It is said that when Baldev Prasad was asked that what is your possession upon these birds. He replied, that these birds are my tamed. How did I know that these are your tamed? The court officer said. Then a wonderful incident took place. Baldev Prasad called them all the birds came at once at that place where Baldev Prasad was standing and the case was dismissed.
Since then the conservation is given to the birds by his family generation to generation. It is a success story of bird conservation by local villagers participation.
There are 19 species of storks in the world. Out of which 8 species found in India, Openbill stork familly ciconiidae in which 17 living species are present. The Openbill stork of the genus anastomus, are widely distributed throughout the tropical region of Africa and Asia. The Openbill stork commonly called as Pahari Chiriya or Baktewta by the villagers.
This bird is a white with black in the wings tail. The legs and feets are dull flesh colour. The adult birds have gap between mandible (beak). The local in habitants are mostly agriculturist, agriculture is the main occupation, with wheat, rice and sugarcane being the main crop. One of the biggest pressure on birds is that of wood extraction of nesting trees both for timber and fuel wood. Some trees are common both inside and outside of village. With large groves of Tamarind, Kusums, Neem, Mango, Bamboo, growing in the cultivated areas. Peepal and Baniyan was once common but now scarce. The territorial and social forestry divisions of the forest division created plantation of Babool, Arjuna and Eucalyptus at both sides of the road and certain areas around the village.
Many wader birds species like Black-necked stork, wooly-necked stork and adjutant stork and Sarus crane that common in this region have now become rare due to wet land losses and hunting of the birds out side of the village.
These birds are also prevent to the diseases caused by helminiths,because these birds are mostally feed on snails which is the vector or intermediate host of Trematodes.The diseased caused by trematodes helminiths constitude trematodiasis some of the most common and wide spread diseased by trematodes like Schistosomiasis, Opisthorchiasis, Paragonimiasis, Fasciolopsiasis and Fascioliasis, Trematodes infection on the primary host sheep and second or intermediate host is a fress water snail.The sign of this disease is liver problem, diarrhea, listlessness, loss of appetite and convolution before death.
It (Liver Fluke) mainly affects the liver but it also causes hepatitis and inflammation in the bile ducts ,Due to this, The bile ducts become thickened which is followed by calcification and finally resulting in to the formation of gall stones.The domestic animal like sheep,pig and goats etc. gets the infection by grazing on marshy land and Human being is also infected when they eat fish and aquatic vegetation .
Storks feed on snails and can be usually employed in removing their population.
Here one good natural way of prevention is to protect and conserve openbill storks.
There are main threats of stork habitat is Encroachment of primary habitats (wetlands) of the Openbilled stork by expanding agricultural land ,residential also pose serious threat to the species in the village. Increasing commercial agricultural leads of the heavy use of harmful pesticides and causing adverse impact on feeding requirements of the birds. Destruction of eggs by Kites, Shikara and Rat-snakes. Some people of few particular casts indulge in poaching of the Openbill storks to the limited extent and stealing of its eggs to considerable extant. The biggest pressure on birds is that of wood extraction of nesting trees both for timber and fuel wood. There are unaware people to meaning of conservation. They are protect of this bird only behalf of ancestral possession.
I therefore recommended most urgently to the wild life division of the forest department Uttar Pradesh to give the village some protected status as soon possible.

Written by :-

Krishna Kumar Mishra
77, Shiv Colony, Canal Road,
Uttar Pradesh-INDIA
Ph. : (05872) 63571

Wednesday, May 21, 2008

Indian villagers kill park leopard

Indian villagers kill park leopard

Associated Press Writer
Indian villagers kill park leopard
LUCKNOW, India (AP) -- Irate villagers chased, shot and burned to death a 4-year-old leopard after it strayed into their area from a nearby north Indian tiger reserve, a forest official said Friday.

The villagers complained the leopard had killed five people in the past four months, as well as dogs and goats.

Wildlife reserve staff who had been on the animal's trail for the past three months spotted it earlier this week but were unsuccessful in trying to tranquilize it, senior forest official Kartik Kumar Singh told The Associated Press on Friday.

Nearly 3,000 villagers thwarted their efforts by pelting stones at the animal each time it was trapped in the bushes, Singh said.

"The villagers fired shots at the leopard and when the animal entered a hut they set it on fire," he said.

The leopard was burned to death Thursday near Dudhwa National Park, 155 miles southeast of Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh state, he said.

Leopards are considered an endangered animal in India.

Krishna Kumar Mishra, a wildlife biologist working for animal conservation, blamed forest officials for the loss of the leopard.

"We lost five human lives and a leopard due to the apathy of forest officials. The forest officials are neither trained nor equipped to tranquilize animals," he said.

Mishra said the number of leopards in Dudhwa National Park had dropped to half a dozen.

The Wildlife Protection Society of India estimated that 150 leopards were killed across the country in 2007.

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Krishna Kumar Mishra

Friday, February 08, 2008

Another Tiger died in road accident in kheri district

On February 8, 2008 I got an information about tiger death in murahana compartment of mailani range, Kheri district Uttar Pradesh India, I reached there with my friends and observed the situation, I found that the death cause of tiger may be road accident on Assam Road but I am not sure ...........!! The dead body of the tiger lied beside the road and it was the full grown male tiger, I never seen this type of beautiful heavy body tiger in my life before it. Now forest officials of south kheri forest department has been sent the body of tiger to the IVRI Bareilly for post mortem. There is no any official of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve and other responsible person of district administration because all civil officers have the power of assistant wildlife warden and it is their constitutional responsibility as a Indian national. We have lost our another national animal in road accident but do not any proposal or rules for speed control in and around the protected areas and reserve forests where our big cats and other wild animals still survive. High speed traffic is the violation of wildlife Act 1972 but no body think about it............!!

Krishna Kumar Mishra

Tuesday, January 08, 2008

Monglis poisoned to death in Kheri district Uttar Pradesh.......!!

The Aniamal massacre at keshwapur-kalan, dhaurahara subdivision of kheri district uttar pradesh India..........!!!

"The Asian Age-

jackals died due to high toxic poison given by a villager who is the owner of jaggery unit owner. Basically jackals do not harmful for human They came here for feed upon waste byproduct of jaggery but the man who has the sinister evil gave poison intentionally to the innocent Jackals they died in and around jaggery unit (small sugar plant). when villagers found jackals dead bodies in their sugar-wheat field in every morning.........the incident exposed and forest department An FIR has been lodged against a jaggery unit owner,who is now absconding. Another bad incident took place here when the scavengers like dogs,kites, egyptian vulture, and house crow feed upon the poisonous flesh of Jackals they died too. The destruction of our Canis aureus indicus species and avian fauna in my district by the sinister who wear a skin of man..................!!! We have lost dozens of mongli here.......without any issue...............!!

Nearly 16 jackals have been found dead over the past two days in the
forests of Dharaura in Keshavpur Kala village of Lakhimpur Kheri district.
The jackals appeared to have been poisoned to death.
"It appears to be a case of poisoning. The jackals have consumed a byproduct
of jaggery, which contains traces of poison due to the presence
of a chemical called Dicolite which is used for purifying jaggery and can
be fatal if taken beyond a specified dose," said Mr K.K. Singh, a forest
official in the area.
Jackals in the area are usually seen feeding on the waste material that
comes from the jaggery mills in the area. "Though jackals are carnivores,
they feed on waste material when they do not get prey. It is possible
that they may have consumed some poisonous material," said Mr Singh.
Meanwhile, the carcasses have been sent for post-mortem and the
viscera are being sent to the Indian Veterinary Research Institute in
Bareilly and to a chemical laboratory in Pune for examination.
Local sources, however, do not rule out the possibility of the jackals
being deliberately poisoned to death by the local farmers. Jackals are
known to destroy the sugarcane and mustard crops in the region and the
damage is often extensive.
The state government, however, has taken a serious view of the jackal
deaths and minister of state for forests Fateh Bahadur Singh has directed
forest officials to find the culprits and put them behind bars.
The state government has also constituted a high-level committee to
probe the incident.
An FIR has been lodged against a jaggery unit owner, Santosh Kumar,
who is now absconding.
The Asian Age"

Krishna kumar Mishra

Tiger death in road accident in Baharaich district UP India

On December 4, 2007 a tiger was wounded on the road, probably hit by some heavy vehicle in village Nauniha in Kateraniaghat, Motipur range of wildlife division of Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh. The villegers informed the wildlife authorities who reported very late and left the spot without any remedy under the excuse that they do not have tranquilizing expert with them and cannot touch the big cat, which was so badly hurt that it could not move even. The majestic cat was lying on the road groaning and weeping surrounded by a score of villagers. The tiger tried to hide himself from the crowd but in vain. The tranquilizer expert reached but could not do anything, even the first Aid, even after 30 hours of the incident.

Later on the tiger’s hind leg was tied in a rope and was dragged on the road to cage him but which gave a show to the present crowd under the guise of treatment. The illiterate crowd teased and mocked at the tiger which was groaning and bleeding. Later on the big cat was sent to Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) Bareilly. While on the way to IVRI Bareilly it was made known to the escorting party that the big cat was to be sent to Lucknow not Bareily. However when the Big cat reached Lucknow after 40 hours of the reported incident, it was reported to be brought dead.
In the fitness of the circumstances I have to submit as under-
That a wildlife veterinary doctor be posted at Dudhwa Tiger Reserve Lakhimpur Kheri.
That a Rescue centre for wildlife animals be established at Dudhwa Tiger Reserve for orphaned and injured wildlife animals
That one research officer be posted at Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Kheri to Aid, advise and inform the updates to wildlife to the wildlife officials.
That disaster management cell (with equipments) be established at Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
That an enquiry be instituted in the afore-mentioned ‘death’ of the majestic animal at the hands of wildlife officials of the range (area), Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh.